Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Paşa

Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Paşa (d. 1660 – ö. 16 Ekim 1730 İstanbul), III. Ahmet saltanatında, 9 Nisan 1718 – 1 Ekim 1730 tarihleri arasında sadrazamlık yapmış Türk asıllı Osmanlı devlet adamı. Oğuzların Beydilli boyuna mensup Boynuinceli aşiretindendir.[1] İsmiLale Devri ve Nevşehir ile özdeşleşmiştir. Enderun‘dan yetişen sadrazamların on üçüncüsü ve Osmanlı sadrazamlarının yüz otuzuncusudur.


Hayatı

Nevşehir (Muşkara)’de dünyaya geldi. Babası İzdin (Zeytin) Voyvodası Ali Ağa idi.

İş bulmak için İstanbul‘a gelmiş ve Eski Saray masraf katibi Mustafa Efendinin delaletiyle (tavsiyesiyle) 1689‘da sarayın helvacıocağına, daha sonra eski saray baltacıları ocağına kaydolmuştur. İbrahim Efendi hizmetleri ile zamanla yükselip Darüssaade ağasının yazıcı halifesi olarak Padişahın bulunduğu Edirne‘ye gitti. Şehzade Ahmed‘in padişah olmasından sonra 1703‘te Darüssaade ağası yazıcılığına tayin edildi. Bu vazifedeyken padişahın itimat ve teveccühünü kazandı. Ancak Sadrazam olan Çorlulu Ali Paşa onu Edirne’ye gönderdi.

1715‘te Mora Seferine çıkan Veziriazam Silahdar Damat Ali Paşa, İbrahim Efendi’yi mevkufatçılıkla beraberinde götürdü. Buranın alınmasından sonra da tahrir (katiplik) işi ile vazifelendirildi.

İbrahim Efendi, 1716 yılında Avusturyalılarla yapılan Petrovaradin Muharebesi‘nde bulundu. Mağlubiyetten ve sadrazam ve serdar-i ekrem olan Silahdar Damat Ali Paşa şehit olduktan sonra vaziyeti Padişaha arz etmek üzere bir arıza ile ordu tarafından Edirne‘ye gönderildi. III. Ahmed çok güvendiği İbrahim Efendi’yi geri göndermeyerek birinci ruznameci yaptı. Birkaç gün sonra da 3 Ekim 1716‘da sadaret kaymakamlığına tayin etti.

İbrahim Paşa, şehit Silahdar Damat Ali Paşa‘nin dul kalmış bulunan III. Ahmed‘in kızı Fatma Sultan ‘la 1717‘de nikahlanarak Damat oldu. İbrahim Paşa’nın teşebbüsleri sayesindeAvusturyalılarla barış yapılmasının kararlaştırılmasından sonra, 1718‘de sadrazamlığa getirilerek Avusturya ile Pasarofça Antlaşması‘nı imzaladı. Aynı yıl Venediklilerle de barış yapıldı.

İbrahim Paşanın on üç yıl süren sadrazamlığı zamanında İran ile bir kez savaş yapıldı. Ancak oluşturulan genel barış ortamında devlet bir huzur dönemine girmiştir.

Lale, Çırağan, Sadabad ve diğer mesirelerde, helva sohbetleri düzenlenmesi de bu dönemde oldu. Bunun yanı sıra ilk matbaanın tesisi ve sanayi müesseselerinin kurulması onun gayretleri ile gerçekleşti.

İbrahim Paşa, Eylül 1730‘da meydana gelen Patrona Halil İsyanı sırasında Sultan III. Ahmed’in heyetiyle birlikte vardığı karar uyarınca öldürülerek cesedi isyancılara teslim edildi. Cesedi paramparça edildi.


Değerlendirme

Devlet işlerine vakıf, düşünceli, mutedil, kadirşinas, kabiliyetli insanların kadrini bilen bir devlet adamıydı. Padişahın teveccühünü (sevgi ve yakınlık) kazanmakla ve bütün işleri eline almakla şımarmamış, kendisine fenalık yapanlara dahi iyilikte bulunmuştur.

İbrahim Paşa’nın yüksek nitelikleri beyandan aşırıdır. Hazineyi gelirle doldurmuştur. Din ve devlet işlerindeki hizmeti de yazıya sığmaz. Himmeti yüksekti. Aristo kavrayışlı, Eflatun görüşlü, Lokman bilgeliğinde, mülk ve milleti düzende tutan, vakur, mütevazı, tedbirli, mert ve gayretli, iyiliği ikramı çok, yüce himmetli, iyi ahlaklı, yüce soylu, doğruluktan şaşmayan, tedbirli vezir, kanunlara hakim benzersiz sadrazamdı. Özellikle bilgin ve erdemlilere, şeyhlere, ariflere, hüner sahiplerine, şiir ve nesir yazanlara, söz ve yazı ustalarına, müzisyenlere aşırı meyli ve yakınlığı vardı. Ekseri gece ve gündüzlerde ilim ve marifet sahipleriyle sohbet eder, her birini ödüllendirirdi. Bir kişiyi ayıbından ötürü aşağılamaz, rakiplerine bile mansıplar vezirlik verir, yaşlı yoksul herkesi ihyadan geri kalmazdı. Yaratılışı gereği hayır işlerine düşkündü. Nice nice yüce eseri vardır.
Dilâverzâde, Zeyl-i Hadîkatü’l-Vüzerâ‘dan

Eserleri

Damat İbrahim Paşa’nın hayır eserleri oldukça fazladır. Bunların başında, zevcesi Fatıma Sultanla beraber İstanbul‘da Şehzade Camii yakınında yaptırdıkları dershane (Darülhadis), talebeye mahsus odalar, sebil, kütüphane gelir. İstanbul‘un muhtelif yerlerinde çeşme, sebil ve mesire yerleri yaptırmıştır. Ayrıca doğum yeri olan ve o tarihteNiğde‘ye bağlı olan Muşkara köyünü, başka yerlerden ahaliyi getirip, aşiretleri iskan ile burayı kaza yaptı ve kasabayı sur ile genişletti. Muşkara adını kaldırıp Nevşehir diye adlandırdığı bu yerde iki cami, bir medrese ve medrese talebesiyle fakir halk için imaret yaptırdı.

İstanbul‘da kitap satan esnafta bulunan nadide kitapların, ucuz fiyatla satın alınarak Avrupa‘ya gönderildiğini öğrenen İbrahim Paşa, bu eserlerin yurtdışına çıkışını yasaklayıp kütüphaneler tesis etti. Ayrıca İstanbul‘da bir çini fabrikası ve çuha fabrikasının yanında Hatayi ismi verilen kumaş fabrikasının tesisi, İbrahim Paşa’nın gayret ve çalışmalarıyla olmuştur. Lale Devri ile başlayan park ve bahçelik de bu gayretli sadrazam sayesinde gerçekleşti. Ancak 1730 yılındaki Patrona Halil İsyanı‘ndan sonra bu bahçeler yakılıp yıkıldı.


Kaynakça

  1. ^ [1] Prof. Dr. Nusret BULUTCU, Hacıahmetoğulları Muhtemel Tarihi

Dış bağlantılar

  • Danışmend, İsmail Hâmi, (1961) Osmanlı Devlet Erkâni, İstanbul:Türkiye Yayınevi.
  • Buz, Ayhan (2009) Osmanlı Sadrazamları, İstanbul: Neden Kitap, ISBN 978-975-254-278-5
  • Aktepe, M. Münir, “Damad İbrahim Paşa, Nevşehirli”, in: Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslâm Ansiklopedisi, Bd. 8, S. 441–443, Istanbul 1993
Önce gelen:
Tevkii Nişancı Mehmed Paşa
Osmanlı Sadrazamı
9 Nisan 1718 – 1 Ekim 1730
Sonra gelen:
Silahdar Damat Mehmed Paşa

Kaynak: https://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nev%C5%9Fehirli_Damat_%C4%B0brahim_Pa%C5%9Fa

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